In textile finishing, automatic technologies based on electronics, computer programmability, and smart systems are harnessed to improve textile quality and flexibility.
New automatic weaving and knitting methods based on different computer technologies such as CAD, bi-directional communication and artificial intelligence have been developed to match Industry 4.0 standards.
There are various types of garment rail systems in Textile Industry.
Weaving and knitting machines have electronic dobby and jacquard heads, automatic pick finding, and needle selection features and thus can be integrated with any production machine. Some of the automatic processes in weaving and knitting are Automatic Pick Repair, Automated Warp Breakage Locator and Computerized Machine Control.
Automation has a very important role in dyeing and printing as parameters such as dyeing temperature, pressure, water level, water flow, circulation and treatment time can be measured accurately. These parameters are important to get the desired shade of fabric.
The entry of Robotics in the field of textiles has completely changed the manufacturing processes. Recently, Adidas brought a revolutionary automated machine – SEWBOT that can sew 8,000,000 t-shirts per day. This robot uses a patented high-speed computer vision technology with lightweight robotics.
The fabric is steered to and through the needle at a higher speed and with more accuracy than a human. COBOTS are another example by universal Robots, where these robots do the repetitive and heavy tasks and humans just do the quality checks.
In short, the era of automation is the textile industry is a boon for it. It has made the process much simpler, shorter and has brought the wastage levels down drastically.